In this lesson, you will learn the main rules to use and locate both Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns (Pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto) together in the same sentence.
The indirect object pronouns are ALWAYS located BEFORE the direct object pronouns. Besides there is still and important rule for you to learn. The indirect object pronouns “le” or “les” (Third person singular and plural) turn into “se” when they are used with direct object pronouns such as lo, la, los y las. This is rather an aesthetic reason, the same as in English the indefinite article "a" changes to "an". (an apple) "Se" have other many uses that we will review in future lessons.
Juan nos trajo la comida del restaurante. Juan nos la trajo del restaurante.
(Juan brought it to us from the restaurant.)
Te doy mi número de teléfono. Te lo doy.
(I give it to you.)
As you have been told before, this is rather an aesthetic reason. Therefore do not dwell on it right now. Just keep in mind for now that "Se", has many other uses which we will review in future lessons.
¿Quién compró los regalos a los niños? ¿Quién se los compró?
We do not say in Spanish: ¿Quién les los compró?
There are two places where indirect object pronouns can be located on this matter. Before the conjugated verb or after it, attached either to the ending of the infinitive or gerund.
Conjugated verb + infinitive: (El abuelo quiere comprar los regalos a los niños.)
Before El abuelo se los quiere comprar.
After El abuelo quiere comprárselos.
Conjugated verb + gerund: (El abuelo está comprando los regalos a los niños.)
Before El abuelo se los está comprando.
After El abuelo está comprándoselos.
Ask your doubts about the Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns to our team. No obligation at all to book more lessons afterwards.
Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns
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